Unicode this month released a draft update to TR-51, or in human terms, the document that describes what's-what's what in emoji standards.
This draft is for Unicode Emoji Version 4.0: an update to Unicode's emoji documentation which can be released outside of the annual Unicode Standard release schedule.
Updates planned in Emoji 4.0 include gendered emoji support, new professions, as well as the rainbow flag emoji.
It's surprising how much can be done with emoji without the need for new code points.
There are five notable additions in the proposed Emoji 4.0 update:
- Gendered Emojis
- New Professional Emojis
- New Flags
- Emoji Upgrades to Non-Emoji Characters
- Additional Skin Tone Support
The first three items listed above are achieved using Emoji ZWJ Sequences. Get up to speed on Emoji ZWJ Sequences with this short video:
These are female or male variations of existing emojis already available today. Characters possible with this update include information desk man, guardswoman, female runner, female police officer, and men with bunny ears.
Early beta releases of iOS 10 are showing these characters already, despite Emoji 4.0 still being a draft.
Above: Gendered Emoji Roles in iOS 10 beta.
Apple has some additional feedback: We suggest adding ZWJ sequences for artist, firefighter, pilot, astronaut, and judge, with proposed sequences as shown below.
Sample images from Apple for these additions:
Above: Five new professional emojis proposed by Apple. Images: Apple.
There are 16 new professional emojis in the latest list, which become 32 when female and male versions are considered2.
- Health Worker
- Factory Worker
- Office Worker
The above list is referred to as "Emoji ZWJ Sequence: Gendered Role, with object" in the Unicode data files, as they are created using an Emoji ZWJ Sequence of a Woman or Man + Object.
Flag for United Nations is also listed using the regional indicator pair UN in this update.
Twitter has implemented a pirate flag emoji as part of Twemoji, which is not part of this update and remains undocumented.
Emoji 4.0 plans to upgrade three existing characters to be fully-fledged emojis:
Guidelines suggest that all the characters within a ZWJ sequence should support emoji presentation individually, hence the upgrade being required if these do go ahead.
Above: Samsung already gives these three characters emoji presentation.
Above: These emojis were part of Unicode long before given emoji status.
Apple included these new emoji upgrades in iOS 9.1 when Emoji 2.0 was still a draft. The final version of Emoji 2.0 was published a few weeks after the iOS 9.1 release.
A similar occurrence may take place with this latest emoji release, as alluded to earlier with iOS 10 betas showing some parts of Emoji 4.0 already included.
Skin Tone Support
Unicode maintains a list of which emojis are recommended to support skin tone modifiers. This isn't always respected by vendors, but it's the place to check that 👧 Girl should support skin tones, but 🙂 Slightly Smiling Face should not.
Emoji 4.0 recommends ten existing emojis gain support for skin tone modification.
- 👯 Woman With Bunny Ears
- 👫 Man and Woman Holding Hands
- 👭 Two Women Holding Hands
- 👬 Two Men Holding Hands
- 🤼 Wrestlers
- 🏂 Snowboarder
- 🏌 Golfer
- 🛌 Sleeping Accommodation
- 🕴 Man in Business Suit Levitating
- 👪 Family
Some emojis in this list include multiple people in the same character which will result in every person shown in those having the same skin tone.
Windows 10 already made this change in the latest release4, where the people holding hands support skin tones but must have the same skin tone as each other.
No interracial holding hands here, not due to any judgement call, but because it's not technically possible while they share a single code point.
Above: Skin tones applied to people holding hands must apply to both people.
Other emojis didn't previously support skin tones due to showing little or not skin on most platforms. The golfer, for instance, does not show a face or hands on iOS, but does on Windows, Samsung and LG.
Above: Golfer doesn't always face away, so is getting skin tone support.
Lastly, the 🕴 Man in Business Suit Levitating has previously been considered more of an icon than a true human character.
That's his origin, but given his yellow skin tone, it's possible to see why this might as well be considered a human, and thus get skin tone support too.
What's Not Included
The goal of this update is primarily focussed around gender updates which are considered by many to be overdue.
Related to this topic has been the issue of gender neutrality, which I discussed with Unicode President Mark Davis on Emoji Wrap Episode #1.
One of the issues mentioned wasn't so much technical, but a design challenge. Mark Davis:
“One of the things that designers have struggled with is what makes a form look neutral. They have a lot of difficulty coming up with a form that looks neither male nor female”
Emoji 4.0 does permit a third state, whereby an emoji with no female or male symbol attached could be made gender neutral, if vendors wished to do this.
Another possibility in future is a specifically gender-neutral ZWJ sequence, like the male or female versions.
Above: Orange Heart is an emoji candidate for Unicode 10.0 in 2017.
Also excluded from this update is the ongoing work for supporting additional flags such as those of England, Scotland and Wales.
Work on subregion flag sequences is currently planned for a future release, likely in 2017.
The review period for Emoji 4.0 closes in exactly two months from today, and public feedback can be submitted directly to Unicode.
Emoji 4.0 is planned for release in November 2016, which means any or all of the above changes are likely to come to most systems in late 2016 or early 2017.
- Read Proposed Update Unicode® Technical Report #51 Unicode Emoji 4.0
- See what's planned for iOS 10 which includes some of these updates
Disclaimer: I am a member of this subcommittee. ↩
192 when every skin tone/gender combination is taken into account. ↩
This limitation of "two people in an emoji" needing the same skin tone does not apply to Emoji ZWJ Sequences where each person can have a different skin tone applied. Windows supports 52,000 family combinations of gender and skin tone. ↩