What Every Heart Emoji Really Means

What Every Heart Emoji Really Means

Questions about heart emojis are very common, and this makes a lot of sense. No-one wants to be accused of giving the wrong impression, nor step over some kind of line of emoji familiarity.

Does the blue heart mean platonic love and the green heart represents jealousy? Is there a platonic heart in the mix? Can one of the red hearts be considered more 'male-appropriate' than another type of red heart, as asserted by John Mayer?

We're here to tell you that there's no secret heart emoji code to crack.

Each heart has subtle nuances both in how it is used, and what that represents. Yet intrinstically each heart has no more coded meaning than what meets the eye.

As for whether John Mayer is right about about one of the red hearts being more masculine than the other? Let's see what the data tells us.

πŸ“ŠπŸ’Ÿ Heart Popularity

While the heart emojis are popular all year around, they see a particular rise in use during the month of February.

Looking at 20 hearts, we see them here in order of popularity.[1] Using data from Twitter, a wide disparity between the most used and least used heart emoji can be seen.


Above: Relative popularity of heart-based emojis across Twitter in 2020. Image: Emojipedia.

The most popular heart emoji on Twitter is ❀️ Red Heart, followed by πŸ’• Two Hearts, πŸ’œ Purple Heart and πŸ’™ Blue Heart. This largely matches other publicly available data on hearts.

The least popular heart emoji is 🀎 Brown Heart.

  1. ❀️ Red Heart
  2. πŸ’• Two Hearts
  3. πŸ’œ Purple Heart
  4. πŸ’™ Blue Heart
  5. πŸ’” Broken Heart
  6. πŸ’– Sparkling Heart
  7. β™₯️ Heart Suit
  8. πŸ’— Growing Heart
  9. πŸ’› Yellow Heart
  10. πŸ’“ Beating Heart
  11. πŸ’š Green Heart
  12. 🀍 White Heart
  13. πŸ–€ Black Heart
  14. πŸ’ž Revolving Hearts
  15. ❣️ Heart Exclamation
  16. πŸ’˜ Heart with Arrow
  17. 🧑 Orange Heart
  18. πŸ’ Heart with Ribbon
  19. πŸ’Ÿ Heart Decoration
  20. 🀎 Brown Heart

Other emojis that include hearts like πŸ₯° Smiling Face with Hearts, 😍 Smiling Face with Heart-Eyes and particularly πŸ’ Kiss and πŸ’‘ Couple with Heart? These all sufficiently complex in their own ways, and not included in this analysis.

What we want to focus on are the emojis which have the classic heart ideograph as the core design element.

🏩 Love Hotel, πŸ’’ Wedding and πŸ’Œ Love Letter also include hearts, but aren't ranked here.[2]

πŸ’–πŸ’ Group The Hearts

Grouping hearts based on color and valence, we find ourselves with four categories:

It's worth noting that that each heart looks different on each platform. Sometimes a little, sometimes a lot.


Above: Cross-platform comparison of heart emojis. Image: Vendor designs / Emojipedia composite.

The main difference in appearance relates to whether the elaborated hearts are shown in pink, or red.

There's also design choices where some platforms show ❀️ Red Heart with a gloss and β™₯️ Heart Suit as a matte heart, while others show every emoji in matte.

With this heart emoji background sorted, let's look at how the hearts are used.

Commonalities πŸ”—πŸ₯Ί

Perhaps the best way to gain insight into how each of the hearts are used is to determine which emojis they are used with.

What we see is that Simple Red Hearts (❀️β™₯️) and Elaborated (often, but not always pink, i.e. πŸ’•πŸ’žπŸ’“πŸ’—πŸ’–πŸ’˜πŸ’β£οΈ) Hearts are commonly shown in the same tweets as various smileys, while Other Colored Hearts (πŸ§‘πŸ’›πŸ’šπŸ’™πŸ’œπŸ–€πŸ€πŸ€Ž) are more often used together.

Rather than just using inserting a Blue Heart, people will often use a a yellow, green and purple heart alongside it.

Above: What the heart emojis are used for can be implied by other emojis in the same tweets. Image: Apple designs / Emojipedia composite.

Some other trends come to light here. πŸ₯Ί Pleading Face is the most common emoji found alongside a heart emoji. This makes sense, as this emoji has become incredibly popular in the past few years. It might also imply that there's a lot of simps out there, filling up your mentions.

The heart emoji that has the least overlap in use with others? πŸ’” Broken Heart. It stands alone in sadness, often appearing with emojis unseen in the top matches for any other heart.

🚢 Person Walking takes on a sombre meaning when served up alongside a broken heart πŸšΆπŸ’”.

The chart above is shown using Apple emoji designs, which are displayed in most iOS and macOS apps. For users on Android or Windows, various other designs are shown. The individual emoji characters are shown below, which means they will appear using your device's native emoji font.

❀️ Red Heart: πŸ₯ΊπŸ˜­πŸ˜πŸ˜‚πŸ₯°πŸ™βœ¨πŸ’•πŸ˜˜πŸ’™πŸ’‹πŸ˜ŠπŸ‘©πŸ’›πŸ’œπŸ’šπŸ”₯β˜ΊοΈπŸ‘πŸ€£
β™₯️ Heart Suit: πŸ₯ΊπŸ˜πŸ˜‚βœ¨πŸ˜­πŸ™πŸ₯°πŸ˜˜πŸ”₯πŸŒΉπŸ’•πŸ’™β€οΈπŸ’“πŸ˜”πŸ’œπŸ’›πŸ’‹πŸ™πŸ»πŸ–€
❣️ Heart Exclamation: βœ¨πŸ’•πŸ˜Šβ€οΈπŸ₯°πŸ₯ΊπŸ’–πŸ˜πŸ’“πŸ˜†β˜ΊοΈπŸ’—πŸ’žπŸ˜­πŸ’β€ΌοΈπŸ™πŸ’¦πŸ’˜πŸ˜‹
πŸ’– Sparkling Heart: πŸ₯ΊπŸ’•βœ¨πŸ˜­πŸ’—πŸ’žπŸ’“πŸ’˜πŸ₯°πŸ˜πŸ’πŸ’œβ€οΈπŸ’™πŸ˜ŠπŸ’›πŸ˜˜πŸ’šπŸ™β£οΈ
πŸ’• Two Hearts: ✨πŸ₯ΊπŸ˜­πŸ˜ŠπŸ˜πŸ₯°πŸ’–πŸ˜†β˜ΊοΈβ€οΈπŸ’—πŸ’“πŸ’žπŸ™πŸ˜˜πŸ’˜πŸ’¦β£οΈπŸ’πŸ‘
πŸ’— Growing Heart: πŸ₯ΊπŸ’•πŸ’–πŸ˜­βœ¨πŸ’žπŸ’“πŸ’˜πŸ’œπŸ₯°πŸ’πŸ’™πŸ’›πŸ˜β€οΈπŸ’šβ˜ΊοΈπŸ˜ŠπŸŒΈπŸ™
πŸ’“ Beating Heart: πŸ₯ΊπŸ’žπŸ’•βœ¨πŸ˜­πŸ’–πŸ’—πŸ’˜πŸ₯°β˜ΊοΈπŸ˜πŸ’β€οΈπŸ˜ŠπŸ™πŸ˜†πŸ’œπŸ˜Œβ£οΈπŸ˜³
πŸ’ž Revolving Hearts: πŸ’“πŸ’•πŸ’–πŸ₯ΊπŸ’—πŸ’˜πŸ’βœ¨πŸ˜­πŸ₯°πŸ˜β€οΈπŸ’œπŸ˜˜β£οΈπŸ™πŸ’™πŸ’›πŸ’šπŸ˜Š
πŸ’˜ Heart with Arrow: πŸ’–πŸ’•πŸ’žπŸ’—πŸ’“πŸ₯ΊπŸ’πŸ˜­πŸ˜β€οΈβœ¨πŸ₯°πŸ’™πŸ’œπŸ’šπŸ’›β£οΈπŸ’ŸπŸ’‹πŸ˜˜
πŸ’ Heart with Ribbon: πŸ’–πŸ’•πŸ’žπŸ’—πŸ’˜πŸ’“β€οΈβœ¨πŸ’œβ£οΈπŸ’™πŸ’›πŸ₯ΊπŸ˜πŸ’šπŸ’ŸπŸ₯°πŸ§‘πŸ˜˜πŸ–€
πŸ’Ÿ Heart Decoration: πŸ’•πŸ’–πŸ’žπŸ’—πŸ’πŸ’“πŸ’˜πŸ’œπŸ’™πŸ’šπŸ’›β€οΈπŸ˜β£οΈπŸ§‘πŸ–€πŸ’ŒπŸ₯°πŸ₯ΊπŸ˜˜
πŸ’œ Purple Heart: πŸ₯ΊπŸ’™πŸ˜­πŸ’›πŸ’šβœ¨β€οΈπŸ˜πŸ§‘πŸ’—πŸ’•πŸ’–πŸ₯°πŸ–€πŸ˜ŠπŸ™πŸ˜˜πŸ’“πŸ’žπŸ¦‹
πŸ’™ Blue Heart: πŸ’›πŸ’šπŸ’œπŸ”₯β€οΈπŸ‘ˆπŸ’°πŸ’ͺ🧑πŸ₯ΊπŸ˜βš‘πŸ›’πŸ‘‘πŸ™πŸ’—βœ¨πŸŒΊπŸ–€πŸ˜­
πŸ’› Yellow Heart: πŸ’™πŸ’šπŸ’œβ€οΈπŸ§‘πŸ₯Ίβœ¨πŸ–€πŸ’—πŸ’–πŸ˜πŸ’•πŸ˜­πŸŒ»πŸ₯°πŸ™πŸ’“πŸ’žπŸ’˜πŸ€
πŸ’š Green Heart: πŸ’™πŸ’›πŸ’œβ€οΈπŸ§‘πŸ₯ΊπŸ’—πŸ’–πŸ–€βœ¨πŸ˜πŸ˜­πŸ€πŸ’•πŸ™πŸ₯°πŸ’˜πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡¦πŸ’žπŸ’“
🧑 Orange Heart: πŸ’™πŸ’›πŸ’œπŸ’šβ€οΈπŸ–€πŸ₯Ίβœ¨πŸ’—πŸ’–πŸ’•πŸ’“πŸ€πŸ’žπŸ˜­πŸ₯°πŸ˜πŸ’˜πŸ’πŸ€Ž
🀍 White Heart: πŸ₯ΊπŸ’™πŸ–€βœ¨πŸ’šβ€οΈπŸ˜­πŸ’œπŸ’›πŸ§‘πŸ₯°β•πŸ™πŸ€ŽπŸ’—πŸ’–πŸ’•πŸ¦‹πŸ’“β˜ΊοΈ
πŸ–€ Black Heart: β€οΈπŸ’›πŸ₯ΊπŸ’™πŸ’œπŸ€πŸ’šπŸ§‘βœ¨πŸ’—πŸ˜πŸ’–πŸ”₯πŸ’•πŸ₯°πŸ˜­πŸ™β™₯οΈπŸ’žπŸ’“
🀎 Brown Heart: πŸ€πŸ’›πŸ§‘πŸ’šπŸ’™πŸ’œπŸ–€β€οΈπŸ’–πŸ₯ΊπŸ’—πŸ’•πŸ’“πŸ’žπŸ’˜πŸ’πŸ‘‡πŸ˜’❣️✨
πŸ’” Broken Heart: πŸ˜­πŸ˜‚πŸ˜”πŸ₯ΊπŸ™‚πŸ˜’πŸŒšπŸ€¦πŸ˜žπŸ˜©πŸ™πŸšΆβ˜ΉοΈπŸ˜ΉπŸ˜ͺ❀️πŸ˜₯🀦🏻😣🚢🏻

This immensely colorful grid gives us the big picture. You can almost feel what each heart represents by looking at which emojis it is used alongside.

If you're looking to find out how these hearts are used, this is a useful start.

But to really understand the meaning of each emoji, we need more specifics. It's in the details where each heart tells a story.

Red Heart ❀️

❀️ Red Heart is the most popular heart, by a long shot. In fact, ❀️ Red Heart is the fourth most popular of all emojis used on Twitter in 2020.

This heart appears in 8 of every 1,000 tweets throughout the year, appearing more than twice as often as πŸ’• Two Hearts, the next most popular heart emoji in our sample of tweets.

When looking at top 200 N-grams[3] used alongside a sample of over 1.6 million English language tweets, we see a lot of terms one might expect to see alongside the most popular heart emoji across the globe. These include expressions of:

  • Affection (e.g. "love"; "ily")
  • Gratitude (e.g. "thank"; "thanks")
  • Appreciation (e.g. "beautiful")
  • Other positive emotional expression (e.g "happy"; "good"; "great")


Above: Words and phrases used alongside ❀️ Red Heart in English language tweets in 2020.

We can also see that ❀️ Red Heart is a popular emoji to place alongside birthday wishes ("birthday" is the 4th most common word to be used with this emoji).


Above: 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside a ❀️ Red Heart as compared to a general sample of tweets.

When looking at the top 10 emojis of 2020 (πŸ˜‚πŸ˜­πŸ₯ΊπŸ€£βœ¨πŸ˜πŸ™πŸ₯°πŸ˜Š), nearly all are found alongside ❀️ Red Heart. Popular emojis are most commonly used in positive emotional contexts, and are frequently used in combination.[4]

❀️ Red Heart must be considered the benchmark against which we should compare all other hearts.

Heart Suit β™₯️

β™₯️ Heart Suit is intended to be represented in a very specific context: the red heart suit of French-suited playing cards. As such, it is generally displayed alongside the ♣️ Club Suit, ♦️ Diamond Suit and ♠️ Spade Suit on emoji keyboards and picker interfaces.

β™₯️ Heart Suit is shown in a separate part of the emoji keyboard on phones from Apple and Samsung, which might affect how often it is used.

This isn't the case on the Pixel and other Android devices using Gboard or the Android Messages app keyboard[^99]. For those phones, the β™₯️ Heart Suit emoji can be found in two locations: once with the rest of the hearts, and it can also be found next to the card suits.


Above: β™₯️ Heart Suit is in a different location away from the other hearts on most emoji keyboards. Left: Apple iPhone, Middle: Google Pixel (Android Messages Keyboard), Right: Samsung Galaxy. Photos: Jeremy Burge and Keith Broni / Emojipedia.

From a purely visual standpoint, β™₯️ Heart Suit most closely resembles the ❀️ Red Heart across emoji vendor designs, often only distingushed by being a deeper shade of red, or with a matte appearance instead of a glossy design.

When directly comparing the n-grams most associated with β™₯️ Heart Suit in our sample, we can see that 92.5% are shared with ❀️ Red Heart: the highest amongst our sample.


Above: the top 200 n-grams used alongside the β™₯️ Heart Suit emoji in English language tweets in 2020.

Red Hearts Mean Romance πŸŒΉπŸ’‹ But Not Always ❀️β™₯️

We can see that πŸ’‹ Kiss Mark only appears in the top 20 of ❀️ Red Heart, β™₯️ Heart Suit. The only other heart to include πŸ’‹ Kiss Mark in the top 20 related emojis is πŸ’˜ Heart with Arrow.

Another romantically-linked emoji, the 🌹 Rose, is also commonly found in tweets with β™₯️ Heart Suit. That's not the case for any other heart emoji.

What we are seeing is that the ❀️ Red Heart and β™₯️ Heart Suit are more likely to be used to convey romance, flirtation and desire when compared to other hearts.

This may not come as a surprise, but it does feel good to have data backing up those feelings.

Elaborated Hearts πŸ’–πŸ’˜πŸ’ Go With Sparkles ✨

Often referred to as 'the pink hearts' (despite not being pink on all platforms), these feature some additional design flourish, be that a bow, some sparkles, or an additional heart.

Colored red within the Twemoji set, these are pink on most other platforms[5], distingishing themselves even further from the ❀️ Red Heart.

πŸ’• Two Hearts is the second most popular heart emoji on Twitter, and contains 91.5% of the same n-grams as ❀️ Red Heart.

A context where one might use the πŸ’• Two Hearts emoji is quite interchangeable with ❀️ Red Heart. There is slightly less overlap than with β™₯️ Heart Suit.


πŸ’• Two Hearts often has aesthetic uses; commenting on the contents of an image or other tweet ("art") or drawing attention to a call-to-action within a tweet ("discount", "code").

This interpretation is also furthered by the presence of ✨ Sparkles as the emoji most commonly found in tweets with πŸ’• Two Hearts.


As discussed in our recent analysis of emoji use on TikTok, ✨ Sparkles is used to provide ✨emphasis✨ to given text, but it is also used to inject a sense of excitement or admiration.

While it is well documented that emojis are used to express sentiment[6], they are frequently used to add a decorative element to messaging as well. This provides a playful artistry that would be absent from a message unless other forms of textual paralanguage are used.[7]

TL;DR: sometimes it's as much about the ✨aesthetic✨ as it is the tone.

Looking at tweets where πŸ’• Two Hearts and ✨ Sparkles both feature, they are mostly used directly alongside one other, creating this positively charged emoji combination: πŸ’•βœ¨


Speaking of sparkles, the πŸ’– Sparkling Heart emoji isn't as likely to pair with ✨ Sparkles as the πŸ’• Two Hearts is. Perhaps due to its inclusion in the emoji itself.

✨ Sparkles takes the top position for ❣️ Heart Exclamation, and is in the top 5 for three others (πŸ’– Sparkling Heart, πŸ’“ Beating Heart
and πŸ’— Growing Heart) and in the top 11 for three more (πŸ’ž Revolving Hearts, πŸ’ Heart with Ribbon, and πŸ’˜ Heart with Arrow).

Lots of charts here on πŸ’–β£οΈπŸ’˜πŸ’πŸ’Ÿ. Scroll past if you care more about the colored hearts than this oddball collection of decorative hearts.


Above: 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside πŸ’– Sparkling Heart as compared to a general sample of tweets.


Above: 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside ❣️ Heart Exclamation as compared to a general sample of tweets.


Above: 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside πŸ’˜ Heart with Arrow as compared to a general sample of tweets.


Above: 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside πŸ’ Heart with Ribbon as compared to a general sample of tweets.


Above: 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside πŸ’Ÿ Heart Decoration as compared to a general sample of tweets.

As a whole, ✨ Sparkles appears is what makes this category of hearts distinct from others, such as the Colored Hearts.

Colored Hearts πŸ’šπŸ’™πŸ’›

Eight heart emojis defined by having a color other than red. These are usually grouped together on the emoji keyboard.

Much of the mythology around the heart emoji meanings comes from this set. Is there truth to it?

Purple Heart πŸ’œ

This is the first heart which has one topic of conversation dominate its use on Twitter.

Not for any particular form of love, but for a certain Korean boy band.

πŸ’œ Purple Heart is the go-to emoji for fans of Bangtan Sonyeondan, more commonly known as BTS.

The purple heart emoji is the third most popular heart on Twitter, according to our sample. No doubt assisted by millions of BTS fans.


Above: Top 200 n-grams used alongside πŸ’œ Purple Heart emoji in English language tweets in 2020 show BTS a dominant topic.

Looking at the associated words, "love" "thank" and "happy birthday" are still the major uses of this emoji, but some of the most prominent references to BTS in purple-heart emoji tweets include:

79.5% of πŸ’œ Purple Heart emoji use is shared with ❀️ Red Heart. The most popular other emojis used with the purple heart are shown below.


Above: Top 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside πŸ’œ Purple Heart as compared to a general sample of tweets.

Purple Heart has more in common with Red Heart than Green Heart, where the overlap of emoji used drops to 71.5%.

Green Heart πŸ’š

Such dominance by a single topic of conversation is also seen within the words and phrases used alongside πŸ’š Green Heart. The topic is another K-pop group: boy band NCT.


Above: Top 200 n-grams used alongside πŸ’š Green Heart emoji in English language tweets in 2020.

Beyond the name of the band, other NCT references alongside πŸ’š Green Heart include "jaemin", "renjun", and "zhong"

The sentiment behind the great heart emoji is similar to just about every other heart: affection, gratitude, and other positive expressions.

This can also be seen in the top 20 emojis used alongside πŸ’š Green Heart. A notable addition in this set is πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡¦ Flag: Saudi Arabia ranking the 18th most likely emoji to be found in tweets with a πŸ’š Green Heart.


Above: Top 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside πŸ’š Green Heart as compared to a general sample of tweets.

Yellow Heart πŸ’›

πŸ’› Yellow Heart and πŸ’™ Blue Heart both appear in the top 5 emojis most associated with πŸ’œ Purple Heart and πŸ’š Green Heart.

In reviewing the top emojis for other color-based heart emojis, we can see a similar prominence of their colored heart siblings:


Above: Top 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside πŸ’› Yellow Heart as compared to a general sample of tweets.

🌻 Sunflower is popular to place alongside πŸ’› Yellow Heart. It could be said that a yellow heart is used in that context to brighten up a tweet or message. A bit of color to make you smile.

Orange Heart 🧑

Orange Heart is a newer addition to the emoji keyboard than purple, green, and yellow. Added in 2017, this came nearly a decade after most hearts first appeared on platforms like iOS and Android.

The proposal for this emoji focussed on orange missing color in the 🌈 Rainbow. At the time it was added, all the other colors of the rainbow had their own hearts, except orange.

The data backs up this claim, as the main reason people use the orange heart is simply to put it next to the blue, yellow, purple, green, and red hearts.


Above: Top 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside 🧑 Orange Heart as compared to a general sample of tweets.

Missing from the orange heart and its related emojis: πŸ‚ Fallen Leaf, πŸŽƒ Jack-O-Lantern or 🍊 Tangerine. Some of these may be more seasonal, whereas hearts-with-hearts is evergreen.

Blue Heart πŸ’™

πŸ’™ Blue Heart features the most unique selection of top 20 emojis in our analysis.

Turns out, it's the emoji brands love to use. Consider it the corporate heart emoji.


πŸ‘ˆ Pointing Left is a prominent call-to-action emoji on Twitter, directing users towards a link. Other emojis unqiely seen alongside the πŸ’™ Blue Heart give us a strong indication that this call-to-action is related to e-commerce: πŸ’° Money Bag, ⚑️ High Voltage (indicating a flash sale), and πŸ›’ Shopping Cart.

Could it be that brands want to include hearts, but are trying to stay as neutral as possible? The blue heart seems to have become the most inoffensive heart to use when selling wares.

The top n-grams alongside the πŸ’™ Blue Heart also show a large focus on ecommerce. Selling stuff.


Once the usual "love", "thank you" and "happy birthday" are out of the way, we see "coupon", "promo", "discount" and "store", all in the top 40 n-grams associated with this emoji.

Black Heart πŸ–€

You might expect the black heart to be more goth than the related emojis make it seem. In the top 20 emojis used alongside πŸ–€ Black Heart we don't see any mentions of a πŸ¦‡ Bat or ⛓️ Chains.

The black heart emoji is disappointingly similar in use to the other colored hearts.


Above: Top 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside a πŸ–€ Black Heart as compared to a general sample of tweets.

White Heart 🀍

What stands out about use of the 🀍 White Heart isn't the selection of emojis commonly found alongside it.

It's not even the top emoji match: πŸ₯Ί Pleading Face, which is the smiley most likely to be paired with just about any heart.

What's notable is how strongly aligned 🀍 and πŸ₯Ί are.


Above: the 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside a 🀍 White Heart as compared to a general sample of tweets.

Divergent n-grams of the 🀍 White Heart give us an indication as to why πŸ₯Ί Pleading Face is almost three times more likely to appear alongside it than its next most common compatriot, the πŸ’™ Blue Heart.


Significant words here include "angel", "goodnight", "peace", and "remember", which when taken together echo paying tribute to someone that has passed away.

These phrases don't beat the usual stalwart of "love", "thank", "birthday", and "happy" are that appear with nearly all hearts, but rather they encapsulate a significant minority of usage cases.

Brown Heart 🀎

In an effort to standardize which colored shapes are available in the emoji set, Brown Heart was added to emoji keyboards in 2019 alongside 🟫 Brown Square and 🟀 Brown Circle.

This is the least popular of all the hearts, though it's not without its own distinct uses.


Above: Top 20 emojis most likely to appear alongside a 🀎 Brown Heart as compared to a general sample of tweets.

While 81.5% of the top 200 terms for 🀎 Brown Heart are shared with ❀️ Red Heart, the differences mostly relate to discussions of racial identity ("black", "brown", "skin" and "color") and we also see phrases for food and drink, specifically "chocolate" and "coffee".


Broken Heart πŸ’”

πŸ’” Broken Heart is the only heart with a traditionally negative emotional connotation. It's also the only heart within our analysis that does not have "love" as it's #1 most associated word or phrase.


N-grams associated with πŸ’” Broken Heart have the least in common with those of the ❀️ Red Heart: only 69% of their top n-grams are shared.

It might seem obvious to say it, but πŸ’” Broken Heart is the emotional opposite of ❀️ Red Heart.


When considered collectively, the top emojis used alongside a broken heart give an impression of sadness (πŸ˜” Pensive Face, 😒 Crying Face, πŸ˜ͺ Sleepy Face[8]), discomfort (πŸ˜₯ Sad but Relieved Face, 😣 Persevering Face), and awkwardness (πŸ˜‚ Face with Tears of Joy, πŸ™‚ Slightly Smiling Face.

🌚 New Moon Face appears as a top-20 related emoji for the broken heart, and not any other.

Tell it to my Heart ❣️

Based on word and emoji associations, each heart has more in common than what sets them apart. Our findings do show the following distinctions.

What this tells us is that there's no single way to use any heart emoji, and no guide can tell you otherwise.

As for Mr Mayer's assertion that β™₯️ Heart Suit is more male-appropriate than ❀️ Red Heart? However tongue-in-cheek that assertion might have been, we just can't back that up with any data.

Love who you want to love, and use whichever heart speaks to you. That's what everyone else is doing.

  1. As noted in each of our charts, the figures presented in this analysis represent the figures represent the number of tweets containing at least one instance of each emoji. Tweets that contain multiple instances of the same emoji are only counted once in this sample. β†©οΈŽ

  2. πŸ«€ Anatomical Heart is so new there isn't enough useful data for this emoji. As well as this, two additional heart emojis aren't yet available on most iOS or Android devices, so are also not included in this analysis. These are β€οΈβ€πŸ©Ή Mending Heart and ❀️‍πŸ”₯ Heart on Fire. It will be at least 12-24 months before usable data is available to measure their impact in the emoji landscape. β†©οΈŽ

  3. An N-Gram is a contiguous sequence of letters found in text data. The "N" refers the number of chracters (e.g letters, numbers, etc) presented alongside one another to construct a word, or indeed any other contiguous sequence of characters (such as multi-word hashtags commonly found on Twitter). A sequence of two chracters, such as the words "or" and "it", are known as "bigrams" ("two"-grams), while sequences of three letters such as "the" are known as "trigrams" ("three"-grams). β†©οΈŽ

  4. This is true even of both πŸ₯Ί Pleading Face and 😭 Loudly Crying Face, which have been found to express tenderness, hope, and overwhelming joy alongside potentially negative connotations. β†©οΈŽ

  5. The exception here is πŸ’Ÿ Heart Decoration, which varies color significantly across vendors. β†©οΈŽ

  6. Including emojis that may not immediately appear to be emotional in nature. β†©οΈŽ

  7. Types of text paralanguage used online, such as the Mocking SpongeBob alternating capitalisation noted within our analysis of TikTok emoji usage, are discussed alongside emoji in internet linguist Gretchen McCulloch's book "Because Internet: Understanding the New Rules of Language". Gretchen has appeared in an episode of Emojipedia's EmojiWrap podcast. β†©οΈŽ

  8. πŸ˜ͺ Sleepy Face is often used to convey sadness despite display a a blue snot bubble coming from its nose, as opposed to the tear featured on 😒 Crying Face. This is likely due to the diminutive display size of emojis across many of the platforms on which they are used. β†©οΈŽ